Archaeologists have actually found the tomb of a clergyman with an inscribed stone “pillow” under his skull at the Tsarevets Fortress in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria. The stone block was etched with Bible verses in Old Bulgarian and in the middle of them an Orthodox cross, a cross with 2 horizontal crossbeams, the lower one inclined downwards to the right. There are 7 lines pricing estimate the very first 4 verses of the Gospel of John.
Pillow bricks with engravings are unusual finds in Bulgaria. The closest similar discover was multilingual in Greek and Old Bulgarian, and it was found by mishap throughout building and construction instead of expertly excavated in its initial place. Old Bulgarian was utilized throughout Eastern Europe throughout the Middle Ages. Likewise referred to as Church Slavonic, it was the main language of the 2nd Bulgarian Empire and is still the main language of numerous Eastern Orthodox Churches today.
The tomb was discovered in the ruins of a 13th century Holy Mom of God Abbey that was a significant spiritual center when Veliko Tarnovo, then Tarnovgrad, was the capital city of the 2nd Bulgarian Empire. The remains of the abbey were very first found in 2014, and the next year’s excavation exposed the ruins of an Early Christian basilica in the exact same location.
To be buried in this place with funerary home furnishings, the clergyman should have been somebody of rank, the Daddy Superior of the abbey a minimum of, and perhaps even a Patriarch of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.
The archaeologist [, Prof. Kazimir Popkonstantinov who helped translate the inscription,] likewise describes that the brick with the engraving pricing estimate the very first 4 verses of the Gospel of John from Veliko Tarnovo has actually been discovered in a tomb with an outstanding style, including arc constructed into the wall of the 13th century abbey church.
” The majority of the tombs of senior clergymen have arcs. It includes verses 1-4 from the Gospel of St. Apostle John, posturing a variety of concerns with regard the individual in the tomb. That might have been the death dream of the buried individual due to the fact that nearly all interpreters think that the Gospel of John begins with a foreword including some primary and significant Christian realities … The quote suggests that the buried individual was an extremely erudite guy,” Popkonstantinov elaborates.