2 Copper Age pottery kilns have been unearthed at the Bazovets Settlement Mound in northeastern Bulgaria. The kilns were discovered in a historical layer dating to the Early Chalcolithic duration (ca. 4,800– 4,600 B.C.) and show the ancient settlement had a considerable pottery-making center.
Archaeologists from the Ploy Regional Museum of History found the very first of the kilns in 2019 however were just able to excavate part of it. This season of digs got where last season ended, completely discovering the very first kiln and found the 2nd one in the very same area on the eastern edge of the town. This location was committed to production activity.
The 2nd kiln has 2 chambers. The lower one was a fuel chamber that would heat up the chamber above it where the pottery was prepared. It has a clay base 3 by 4 feet in location on top of which a wood wattle structure was constructed. Thick layers of clay were stuck to the outdoors and within the wattle structure leaving an opening on the southeast side. The opening was closed throughout baking with 3 big stones which were found right in front of the kiln.
This kiln was connected to the eastern wall of a rectangle-shaped structure. A little space near the entryway is thought to have actually been utilized to save food as kitchen area waste consisting of animal bones and river clam shells were discovered there.
In addition to the almost 7,000-year-old Early Chalcolithic pottery-making kilns, throughout their 2020 excavations at the Bazovets Settlement Mound, the archaeologists have actually likewise discovered and begun to uncover an ancient structure which was even older than the kilns themselves.
The ancient structure in concern was constructed of wood and clay, and was ruined by a big fire.
In its southern part, the archaeologists have actually discovered numerous undamaged pottery vessels and bases in addition to a horn tool which were put on a podium. They are going to continue investigating the ancient structure even more throughout their next excavations of the Bazovets Setttlement Mound.